Published On: Sun, Oct 30th, 2016

Let Us Walk You Through The Ethiopian History Before And Now With The current Politics Part 1-3!

Solomonic Dynasty 1270 – 1974 (legitimate)

ethiopia-carta
The Solomonic dynasty claims descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba through their son Menilek I. Menilek I was the first emperor of Ethiopia. Leaders of the Coptic Christian backed the Solomonic dynasty and in return the church was given control of vast stretches of land- which gave it a base of wealth and power.  Yekuno Amlak overthrew the last ruler of the Zagwe dynasty to re-establish the Solomonic Dynasty. He claimed his descent from the Solomonic lineage and began ruling Ethiopia in 1270. The Solomonic rule continued into the 1970s. There are different periods throughout this dynasty. Each period has significant occurrences that shape the history of Ethiopia and the Solomonic Dynasty. During this dynasty the capital was often moved, set up in a temporary place as the need to move would occur. Often tents would be used.

Terminology 
Figurehead: A figurehead is a person who holds the head title (king, emperor, queen) but has no real authority or power.
Regent: One who acts as a ruler during an absence of a head authority.

Rulers During the Solomonic Dynasty and Periods of the Solomonic Dynasty

Years of Rule

Main Events

  • First Solomonic Period

1270-1527

Yekuno Amlak

1270-1285

* Much of what is known about this emperor is coming from an oral tradition
Restored the Solomonic dynasty in Ethiopia
Oral tradition tells that he was captured by the last Zagwe emperor – but he escaped and built an army to defeat the Zagwe king
Church of Gennete Maryam built
Yagba Sivon

1285-1294

Tried to keep a maintained relationship with Muslim neighbors
Had a bishop travel to Jerusalem as many of his subjects did
Sivon’s sons rule after his death at one year period increments in the following order:

  • Senfa Ared
  • Hezba Ared
  • Qedma Ared
  • Jin Ared
  • Saba Ared

1294- 1299

All five sons would rule one year at a time
Wedem Arad

1299-1314

Fought against a jihad , had a team of travelers head to Europe (reasons unknown but thought to create a union of Christianity against Muslims)
Amda Seyon I

1314-1344

One of the most outstanding kings
He extended the kingdom and also worked to consolidate it
He had many Muslim conquests – gaining land for Ethiopia and allowed the spread Christianity
Had many military campaigns during his reign, trade and arts flourished during this time
Newaya Krestos

1344-1372

Debre Igziabher that overlooks Lake Hayq was rebuilt during his reign
Revolt occurred by  a Muslim noble family (Walashma dynasty) they were captured by Krestos
Newaya Maryam

1372-1382

Continued revolts by the Walashma dynasty
Dawit I

1382-1413

Strong Christian whom during his reign surviving illustrated manuscripts were produced –Miracles of Mary and a copy of the gospels, continued raids from Muslim kingdoms
Killed when a horse kicked him in the head
Tewodros I

1413-1414

9 months of rule
During his rule it is often called the “golden age” of Ethiopia
Killed in battle with Muslims
Yeshaq I

1414-1429

Continued battle with Muslims, contacted European leader for an alliance against the Muslim empires (the results of this are unknown)
Killed in battle
Andreyas

1429-1430

–
Takla Maryam

1430-1433

–
Sarwe Iyasus

1433

Died of plague – ruled from around 4-8 months
Amda Iyasus

1433-1434

Served 8 months, little is known about his reign
Zar’a Ya’qob

1434-1468

A great leader of Ethiopia
Married Eleni – she converted to Christianity after marrying the emperor – played an important role in the royal family and played a leading role in the government as regent
Debre Berhan- capital for his reign after viewing bright light in the sky (which is now to have been believed to have been the Haley’s Comet)
Held firm against Islamic threats, and expanded the territory of Ethiopia
Became afraid that his family was plotting against him
Would become a true dictator – he would often kill those who did not agree with his rulings and beliefs with faith (even family members)
Author of religious works
Baeda Maryam

1468-1478

Had peace treaties with Southern sultans, but eventually conflicts would flair up again.
His tomb was destroyed by the Oromo in 1709 during a raid
Eskender

1478-1494

Died at age of 22, was a very young emperor and had a regent serve alongside him
There was European influence during this period – some Europeans were even in the emperor’s court
Amda Seyon II

1494

He became a pawn in a struggle over control of the throne which would lead to his death after 6 months of taking control of the throne
Na’od

1494-1508

Killed in a Muslim campaign – Empress Eleni heavily relied upon during his reign

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Let Us Walk You Through The Ethiopian History Before And Now With The current Politics Part 1-3!